Spitsbergen is a large island of Norwegian archipelago of Svalbard, located to the north of European continent in the Arctic Ocean. Spitsbergen is the biggest bulk of land in archipelago and the only one, permanently inhabited by people. Been used for centuries as a base for whalers, later Spitsbergen served as a launching point for various explorers of Arctic. Nowadays, the island is the demilitarized zone of Svalbard Treaty rule, which gives a right to run business on Svalbard archipelago to any of 40 countries, which signed the treaty. There are commemorative coins of Spitsbergen, minted by Russia for selling to tourists. The previous mintage of coins of Spitsbergen was made by USSR in 1946. The collectable Spitsbergen coins are not means of payment, they are kind of rarities. There are no local legal tender notes and coins of Spitsbergen, so other currencies are used.
Spitsbergen, along with the entire Svalbard archipelago, is under the Norwegian sovereignty, but while the rest of Norway is included in Schengen zone and European Economic Area, Svalbard is not. Although all the citizens of Svalbard Treaty members may visit Spitsbergen without visas, Norway provides the administrating of Spitsbergen. Residents without sources of income are not allowed to stay, because there are neither retirees, nor welfares payments on Spitsbergen. Currently there are active mining, scientific research and tourism industry mainly developed on Spitsbergen. Mines of the island belong to Norwegian and Russian companies, so the population of Spitsbergen mostly consists of Norwegians and Russians, with few residents from other countries.
The landmark of Spitsbergen is polar bear; it attracts a number of tourists to archipelago annually. The other significant species are reindeers and polar foxes. Sea birds breed on the rocks of Spitsbergen too. Marine animals, such as whales, walruses and dolphins live around the archipelago. Spitsbergen contains six wildlife national parks, the replacing of previous human activities (before 1946) are prohibited too. By the way, it’s almost the safest place on Earth, without criminality. Some special coins of Spitsbergen are available for ordering at Coinsberg.com. We provide free worldwide shipping for all the collectible coins of Spitsbergen, ordered online!
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