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The unrecognized republic gained its de-facto independence after the Soviet Union’s dissolution in 1990. The region is de-jure a part of Moldova territory, but claims its sovereignty, supported by Russia. The split between Transnistria and Moldova occurred when the latter stated Moldovan language as the only official language and abolished the same status of Russian. Along with other zones of “frozen conflict” on the post-Soviet territory, Transnistria enjoys the great military, economical and ideological help from Russia. Republic relates itself to USSR and Russian Federation, maintaining the close relations with Russian politics and Orthodox Church leaders.
The historic region of Bessarabia, where present unrecognized republic is located, had been a part of numerous different states and empires during its history. Some of them were Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, Moldavia, Russian Empire, USSR. That explains the diversity of ethnic groups and languages of the region’s population. By now, there are three main nations in Transnistria, having almost equal shares of population; they are Moldovans, Russians and Ukrainians. There are three corresponding official languages in Transnistria too. Most of Transnistrian citizens have the second citizenship of Russia, Moldova or Ukraine.
The themes of commemorative Transnistrian coins are strongly refer to local history and culture, but other popular subjects for series of coins appear on regular basis. Unique special coins of Transnistria can be ordered online via at any time!